Why Do Injuries Occur In Golf
Injuries occur in all athletic events quite frequently, certain sports more so than others. Golf is no different than any other sport. The severity of injuries in golf usually are not as severe as in other sports. The scenario of a 300 lb. defensive lineman slamming into the side of your knee tearing every possible ligament structure in the knee will never happen in the sport of golf. An interesting visual if you combined the sports of football and golf onto the same playing field, but inappropriate for this paper.
There are two types of injuries classified by professionals in the fields of athletic training and sports medicine. The two types of injuries are: 1) acute and 2) chronic. The above example of the football player is classified as an acute injury. An acute injury can be defined as the trauma in the body occurring immediately after the injury. Refer to the football player example above for a reminder. (For us older golfers, remember Joe Theisman of the Redskins and Lawrence Taylor's leg breaking tackle? Acute injury.) Relating an acute injury to golf is a little more difficult. Probably the easiest, and maybe most the common, acute injury in golf, occurs while swinging and you hit a rock or something that creates an injury to your wrist. That would be the best example in the sport of golf of an acute injury. Overall, acute injuries tend to be rare in golf because contact by the body with external forces is rare.
My back is always killing me!
The second type of injury, chronic, is much more prevalent when it comes to the sport of golf. A chronic injury is one that occurs over time. Think of it as a "wear and tear" injury. These are usually the result of the body breaking down over time. A great sports example outside of golf is when you hear about a baseball pitcher having tendonitis in the elbow. Tendonitis is an inflammation of the elbow resulting from the stresses placed upon it from throwing. Over time the elbow becomes tired and eventually injured from the number of pitches thrown. If you are a runner and, after a certain amount of time, your knees begin to hurt, this is usually a chronic injury. When we talk about golf, the majority of injuries are chronic. They tend to be a direct result of the golf swing (just like the pitcher's elbow). Usually the chronic injuries in golf show up in the lower back. If chronic injuries are caught soon enough in the cycle, rest and proper treatment (i.e. massage, chiropractic care) will heal them. But if you wait too long the body is going to "break," and then you will not be playing any golf for a long time. This is where the unfortunate situation of surgery and other invasive procedures are considered.
So a couple of questions we must ask when it comes to chronic injuries in relation to golf are: how do they occur, and how do we prevent them? Chronic injuries occur as a result of the body becoming fatigued and eventually "breaking down." The muscles, ligaments, and tendons of your body are required to perform the activity of swinging a golf club. Over time this activity causes fatigue within your body. As the body continues to fatigue, or get tired, the body gets sore. This is the first indicator of a developing chronic injury. If you continue with the activity you're participating in, with soreness in the body, eventually your body will break down. This "break down" will be in the form of maybe a pulled muscle, muscle stiffness, tightness, or some other type of inflammation. All of the above examples are a result of structures in your body breaking down from fatigue and overuse. Even if just on one swing you feel "your back go out," nine out of ten times it is a chronic injury, and that last swing was the "piece of straw that broke the camel's back."
How to Prevent Chronic Injuries in Golf
We all know that the golf swing is a repetitive movement, meaning the body is performing the same activity over and over again. This creates fatigue in the body over time. And if over time our body can't support the number of swings we are taking, it is eventually going to break down. There are three variables we have when it comes to the prevention of chronic injuries in golf. Number one is workloads. Workloads can be defined as the number of swings that the body takes with a club over a given period of time. That time frame can be seven days or an entire tour season. Number two is efficiency of your mechanics. When we say "efficiency of mechanics" we are talking about how biomechanically correct your individual swing is. "Why is this important?" you ask. Let me tell you. I think most of us would agree that the tour players have very "efficient" swings; their swings are smooth and look almost effortless. A swing like this asks less out of the body to perform and requires less effort from the muscles; hence fatiguing levels in the body are lower. Some amateur swings look like they take a lot of work to perform, and in reality they do! These types of swings ask a lot more out of the body and fatigue it more quickly. The final variable is what we term "golf strength." Golf strength is a measure of the required levels of flexibility, strength, endurance, balance, and power to successfully support the mechanics of the swing. Large amounts of golf strength allow the body to support an efficient swing. Low levels of golf strength do not provide the support needed for the swing.
Workloads, Swing Mechanics, and Golf Strength
All three of these variables work together to determine if you are a candidate for a chronic golf injury. Golf strength is essentially the foundation upon which your swing is built. This variable indicates how many times you can swing a golf club with your current mechanics before you come up injured. If you have high levels of golf strength then regardless of how efficient of a swing you have, you will be able to play for quite awhile before you get sore. The flip side can also be said. If you have low levels of golf strength, regardless of your swing mechanics, you will come up sore in a shorter amount of time.
Secondly, let us look at swing mechanics. If you are a player that has a very efficient swing that places very little stress on the body, you will undoubtedly be able to play many rounds before your body starts screaming at you. Again, if you have poor mechanics, it is going to take its toll on your body and your game.
Finally, we have workloads (i.e. number of swings). The number of swings one makes must match up with levels of golf strength and swing mechanics. The golf swing is a "stressor" of the body and breaks it down over time. If you have an efficient swing, each swing does less "damage" to the body. If you have a poor swing, the body has to work harder, thus fatiguing it more quickly. In addition to this is golf strength. If you have high levels of golf strength, you can swing the club more (i.e. workloads) before you get tired. Low levels of golf strength present the situation of the body's fatiguing more quickly. "So what is the magic formula?" you ask. My first suggestion is twofold: 1) work on your swing to improve the efficiency of it, and 2) increase your levels of golf strength in order to support your swing. For the time being, match up your swing and golf strength levels to determine what workload levels you can get out of your body.
The Absolutely Positively Best Way To Get Outstanding Results With Your Golf Swing
Working on the PGA Tour and with Phil Mickelson has brought me great insight onto how success occurs in professional golf.
I'm sure we'll agree that all the players in the professional ranks have incredible talent. I also know that talent alone will not win tournaments at this level. It is often said that any one of the players on Tour can win any week.
What I have noticed over the years of what separates the professional from the amateur golfer is not only talent but the intense desire to improve.
Every single player at this level has a burning desire to compete and win. In order for the wins to pile up, a certain mind set must be in place.
The mind set is one of constant improvement. You'll probably agree that any successful person or business has the same mindset.
Highly successful people and businesses review their current state of affairs and determine where they can improve. It is no different on the PGA Tour.
The best of the best review their current golf game and determine where they can improve.
I would suggest as a golfer, you do the same. Take a good look at your overall golf game.
1) "What is my current golf and body reality?"
2) "Where do I need to improve?"
3) "What plans must be in place to improve?"
4) "How am I going to go about implementing that plan?"
5) You also need to ask yourself, "If it were easy, what would my golf game and fitness level look like?"
The answers to these questions could be plentiful and may include:
Golf Teaching Tool Correct Your Swing Plane
A good swing plane is vital if you want to be a consistent golfer. Today I will explain how to make and use a golf teaching tool to help beginners and advanced golfers get their swing plane on the right track. The golf teaching tool is cheep and very easy to make. Golf teaching tool
Golf teaching tool
You will need
- a piece of PCV pipe about 1 meter long and about 2cm is diameter
- 2 mini torches to fit in the 2cm ends of the PVC piping (cheep as chips on eBay etc.)
Directions for making the golf teaching tool
Install the torches into each end of the PVC pipe. There are a couple of ways to do this, if the torch fits snug in the piping you can simply use araldite or some type of adhesive to glue the torches in. If the torch is slightly bigger than the pipe heat the end of the piping with a heat gun and install the torch. When the PVC cools make sure the torch is stuck securely. You have now created your golf teaching tool.
How to use the golf teaching tool
By now you may be wondering what the hell this stick is for well the exercise is quiet simple. Turn the torches on and hold PVC as though it were one of your golf clubs, stand facing parallel to a wall with the bottom light shining on the join were the floor meets the wall. This join acts as a nice straight line; we will call the bottom light A and the top one B.
Swing the club back so light A shines along line until the stick is parallel with the line. Cock your wrists taking note of light B, this light should now be shining along the line. At the top of your swing light B should still be pointing to the line this is the correct position to start you're down swing.
Pull down with your wrists to start the down swing, light B should be shining along the line once again. As you release though were the ball would be light A should shine along the line, keep the light shining along line for as long as possible then, finish with your follow through.
This exercise should be done very slowly for a start, as you feel more comfortable speed up a little, but don't get sloppy make sure you keep the lights shining alone the line. This golf teaching tool is fantastic in my opinion, it's a great exercise for both beginners and advanced golfers. If you practice this until it becomes habit you will be hitting the ball straighter and longer as this exercise teaches you to release your power where you should be, at impact.
Taking Your Golf Game To The Next Level
Here is a quick guide to help you take it to the next level.
If You Shoot Over 100
If you currently shoot over 100 you are probably new to the game. Golf is game that takes plenty of practice and understanding. At your level, you're probably very excited to just get out to play. You always have a big grin on your face because you've found a new hobby that gives you a little exercise and gets you breathing some fresh air. Unfortunately, shooting over 100 will get old very quickly especially if you're a competitive person by nature. So your smile will start to turn into a frown and you may end up giving the game up. It is quite easy to break 100 if you know what to do.
What to Do To Break 100
If you're new to the game you have not ingrained any bad habits yet, so before you do, take some lessons from a qualified pro. It's usually quite easy to teach you the proper fundamentals of the golf swing because you're eager to learn and never second guesses the teacher. If the relationship between the student and teacher is good, the speed at which you will see results is very quick. Usually within a month or two the "over 100? shooter can easily take 10 - 20 shots off of their game. Once you break 100 on a regular basis you'll start to see the game differently. Although shooting in the 70's is a few years into the future it may be attainable because taking lessons initially has given you a great start on the game.
If You Shoot Over 90
If you currently shoot over 90 you're someone who has to play more often. You're probably playing about 20 - 30 rounds a year and most of these rounds are in corporate tournaments. Corporate tournaments are a definite game wrecker. The usual scramble format leads you to just bashing the ball as hard as you can trying to get that one drive that helps your team. Unfortunately this leads to a HUGE slice with the driver which doesn't help your team at all. I know it's fun to try and hit the ball as hard as you can but If wailing away at it was the way to play good golf, everyone would be a pro. You will also find the short game very difficult. Although the short shots around the green look easy they quickly become a nightmare to you because of the amount of touch that's required.
What to Do To Break 90
For starters, you have to get out to the course more often. You can still play in corporate events but you have to do so with a new attitude. You have to quit trying to be the hero and start actually helping your team. This can be done by swinging easy and trying to get the ball in the fairway or the middle of the green. If you swing easier and try to become more accurate you will be amazed at how many of your shots the team actually uses. You would greatly benefit from weekly lessons. The lessons would not only give you a better swing but they would get you out to the range and course on a regular basis. Finally, you have to take at least one short game lesson to see how easy it can be. This will create a better understanding of the short game which will then make practicing it more enjoyable.
If You Shoot Over 80
You're the kind of person the major club manufacturers love. You think that you can "buy your game" so every opportunity you get to try the latest and greatest clubs you take it because you don't think that your swing is the problem. So you buy that new driver and for a while you hit it great. A few weeks later that great new club isn't so great anymore and it's back to your old game. This leaves you scratching your head because you thought you had it and now it's gone. At some point in your golf career you probably have taken 1 - 3 lessons and you always try every golf tip you hear about. Because of these constant changes in both your swing and your clubs you never really have the opportunity to get used to anything so you are left in a state of limbo always thinking that the elusive 70's are just around the corner.
What to Do To Break 80
In order to break 80, you have to admit that it's not the clubs. It's about developing a repeatable swing and a great short game. To create this repeatable swing and great short game, you have to work with a qualified teacher on a weekly basis. You're going to forget trying different tips and quick fixes because you will destroy the changes the teacher is trying to make. This whole process is not going to be easy because you basically have to re-learn the swing (making changes to your swing may cause you to hit some very poor shots at first because you're not used to it and you're in between swings). If you stay determined, you'll start to hit some shots that will totally amaze you. These amazing shots are telling you that your hard work is paying off and pretty soon you will be playing in the 70's.
If You Shoot Over 72
You have a great swing. It'll still go astray on them from time to time but you can usually get it back rather quickly. You usually make a few mistakes in a round that you just can't seem to let go of. This creates stress and pressure that effects the rest of your game. Your short game may not be as good it could be. You know this but actually finding time to practice it is sometimes a challenge. Finally, you may be taking the game a little too seriously causing you to try to hit every shot perfectly. This may lead to second guessing your swing which is definitely trouble when you are on the course.
What to Do To Break Par
You have to find the time to do some serious work on the short game. If it's difficult to make it out to the course you can always chip and pitch balls in your backyard and putt on an indoor carpet every night. This dedication to the short game is what will allow you to still shoot good numbers when your swing is not at it's best. It will also reduce pressure on your approach shots because if you can get the ball up and down regularly it's not that big of a deal if you miss the odd green. When you do work on your full swing try to work on the weaker clubs in your bag and hitting the ball from poor lies. Also, forget distance. At your level you are probably long enough. Concentrate on never swinging over 80% of your ability. If you can resist the temptation to hit the ball too hard your miss hits will not stray to far off line eliminating the need for that miraculous shot to get you back it the game. Finally, have fun out there. If you lighten up a little you will reduce your stress levels allowing you to switch into automatic mode instead of having to grind it out all of the time.
Us Masters Golf Betting Essential Statistics For Picking The 2006 Winner
For all golf fans, the US Masters in early April is without doubt one of the highlights of the golfing calendar. For golf bettors, it's also a fantastic betting opportunity and a close study of past and current form is vital if you want to bet profitably on the event. So what are the most important golf stats for picking the US Masters winner?
1 - Since 1990, more than 80% of US Masters winners have won or finished 2nd atleast once already that year.
In that time, just Jose Maria Olazabal in 1999, Ben Crenshaw in 1995 and Nick Faldo in 1990 failed to finish top 2 or better on either the US PGA or European tour in the year they won the tournament.
Interestingly all three golfers had already won the Masters in a previous year however - in 1994, 1984 and 1989 respectively.
2 - This year, more than ever, Augusta will favour the big hitters. That's because the course has been extended a further 155 yards to 7445 yards with alterations to six holes. Augusta has now been lengthened over 400 yards in the last 5 years. The course plays long so unless there is a lot or rain to negate the big hitters advantage, favour those golfers who rank well for driving distance.
3 - The other extremely important stat is the Greens-In-Regulation (GIR) percentage. GIR simply measures how often a golfer reaches the green in the regulation number of strokes (or less). For example, on a par 4 hole, Regulation would be to make the green in two strokes. On a par 5, three strokes. To illustrate just how vital this statistic is, only once in the last six years has the Masters winner NOT ranked in the first two for GIR percentage at the tournament's conclusion.
4 - The Masters is a tournament for proven winners. Big name golfers such as Tiger Woods, Phil Mickelson, and Vijay Singh have tremendous records in this event. Mickelson for instance has finished no worse than 12th in the last 8 years! Unlike the British Open, surprise long odds winners are extremely rare. No golfer playing the Masters for the first time has won the tournament since Fuzzy Zoeller in 1979, so previous Masters form is a must.
Armed with the above pointers, it should be possible to eliminate a large percentage of the 2006 US Masters field as possible winners. The winning golfer is likely to have good previous Masters form, have won or finished second in a tournament atleast once already that year, and rank highly in the driving distance and GIR stats for his respective tour.
Golf History Of A Game In Constant Evolution
The true origins of the game now called golf have been hotly debated over the years, as throughout history almost every civilisation has played some form of game with a club and a ball. Various competing ideas have been put forward as to its initial derivation and over the years there have been many different ways to play. Probably the one constant that is universally accepted, is that the original essence of the modern game can trace its origins back to the pastime of "gowf", as played on the links lands of the East of Scotland long before the 15th Century, which has over time grown into the great game of "golf" as we currently know it.
It was around the seaside towns of Aberdeen, St. Andrews and Leith on the outskirts of Edinburgh, with their expanses of rolling sandy grounds, or links, which lie between the sea and the town, that a game resembling today's golf really took hold and formed the discernable start of an evolutionary process which still continues right up to this day.
Since this time, there have been many changes within the game with the rules changing numerous times over the years (http://www.ruleshistory.com/ ), ever since the earliest surviving written rules created by the Gentlemen Golfers of Leith in March 1744. The balls have also been subject to developments, with the introduction at St Andrews, in 1848, of an inexpensive and more durable rubbery ball to replace the previously expensive and unpredictable feathery balls which would often not last even a one entire game.
Another significant milestone in golfing history was the creation in 1851 of the first purpose built golf course in Prestwick on the links of Monkton parish, followed soon after in 1860 by the first open championship on the same course. Since that time the game has spread right around the world from Europe to America and even through to China and Japan. The courses however still tend to imitate those earliest of Scottish creations, although American courses have leant towards longer fairways and softer greens. Competitions have also seen a massive growth in interest, following recent sponsorship deals and the introduction of televised coverage.
These days everyone seems to want to play. During the summer, courses become heavily used and parks throughout Scotland and the rest of the UK are filled with people knocking a ball about. There are purpose built golf courses all around the country, and there are specialist companies offering short golfing holidays (http://www.superbreak.com/search/golf-breaks.htm ) who are now tapping in to the desire to play on some of the world's finest courses which are to be found in Britain.
Today the game of golf has significantly evolved from the primitive, haphazard and casual game it started out as, with the very earliest players initially having to carve their own clubs and balls from wood. Now modern casting methods mean that clubs can be made much stronger and more affordably making the game open to all who want to play, while research into synthetic and composite materials has lead to top end performance clubs using titanium heads and graphite shafts for those who can afford them. While most designers have sought to improve performance through subtle developments such as materials changes, other ingenious entrepreneurs have tried making clubs which contain a built in gyroscope or created a single reusable shaft and a selection of changeable screw in club heads, in order to out wit the rules.
Changes in ball design, official rules, the introduction of more competitive equipment produced by skilled craftsmen such as forged metal heads for niblick clubs which were prone to breakage, increases in the number of courses, and promotion by the media, have made what was a simple pastime in Scotland into a multimillion pound worldwide phenomenon.
Did You Know That Golf Was Invented In Scotland
Golf was invented in Scotland, and dates back to at least the 17th century, possibly even earlier - the name is believed to come from an Old German word, 'gowf', meaning a club or bat. The oldest golf course in the world is Musselburgh Links, but there are many vary old golf courses in Scotland, most famously St. Andrews. It is believed that the reason golf courses today have 18 holes is that St. Andrews only had room for nine, but the early golfers decided to play the course through twice each time.
Golf's Scottish origin is a matter of some controversy among the Dutch, the Chinese and the French, who all claim that they had much similar club-and-ball games much longer ago. While there is no doubting they did, however, it seems clear that there is more to golf than just the club and the ball, and that golf as it is played today was at least perfected, if not entirely invented out of thin air, in Scotland.
Since then, little has really changed about the game. The grass has got shorter and smoother, as lawnmower technology has improved, the wooden clubs have been replaced with metal ones, and the balls have been improved by the addition of rubber, but that's about it.
It wasn't until the 20th century, however, that golf really started to spread all over the world. There were no golf courses in China until 1985, but now there are more than 200. Since the Second World War, golf has become insanely popular in Japan, even though they don't really have the space to build the courses - they have become pioneers of indoor and virtual golf. Today, it is thought that there are over 30,000 golf courses in the world - that's well over a hundred for every country, although some countries obviously have far more courses than others, particularly in the English-speaking world.
Golf Course Equipment Basics Winter Storage
Small engine vehicles, like golf carts, lawn mowers and trucksters, need the same care and maintenance as a car or truck. Owners tend to forget that putting a golf cart or mower away for the winter requires the same care as if you were planning to store a vehicle for an extended amount of time. Too often carts are stored away in some corner of the garage without much thought given to how well they will start up when the weather improves. Golf cart owners figure that hiding them away in a shed or garage, clear from the winter elements is sufficient. Not quite. Even if your golf cart or mower is new, they still require some maintainance. In fact, getting them to start up trouble-free from season to season requires you follow a few points of due-diligence.
First, gather up the equipment you will need to properly put your golf cart in storage for the winter. This equipment includes a wrench, a few bottles of distilled water, some cleaning rags, gloves for you, goggles for your eyes, a hydrometer (it measures the gravity of the electrolyte solution) and a voltmeter (to measure voltage). You may want to throw in some baking soda and vaseline as well.
The following are measures you can take to ensure your golf cart or course mower starts up again as spring comes around.
1. Read the manufacturer's maintenance guide
Follow the manufacturer's instructions. Don't try to tinker with the small engine if you've never handled one before. If you notice anything unusual, take your golf cart or mower to the nearest dealer for an inspection. Don't wait until spring to have your small engine checked.
2. Remove the battery
Before storing your golf mower or cart for the winter, remove the battery and disconnect it from the battery cable. Store your battery in a safe place, away from heated elements, gas or furnace. Wipe it clean and brush off the battery terminal with a metal brush. Check for any cracks or borken elements. If the manufacturer recommends special cleaning solutions for your battery, give it a good cleaning before putting it away. If there are no spcial instructions, distilled water should do the trick. Avoid using corrosive cleaning chemicals. Most golf cart or mower problems are due to poorly maintained batteries.
3. Store in a safe, covered location
Store your golf cart or mower away from heaters, furnaces and gas containers. Also ensure that it is not place near any open windows where water damage may occur.
4. Put it away clean
Clean your cart or mower before storing it. Wash off any leaves, grass, residual soil, dried or wet mud, and moisture pockets from both the main exterior and underneath. Wipe off grass and dirt from around the blade using a long-handled brush - Do not use your bare hands! When you clean your mower, unplug the spark plug lead wire, wind it up gently and tape it together.
5. Remove remaining fuel
You should finish off any fuel that is remaining in your tank (if it uses fuel) or add a fuel preserver before storage. Read the instructions for the fuel preserver carefully before using. After adding it plug your mower or cart and let the engine run for a few minutes. This should give the fuel preserver enough time to go through the carburetor. One good thing about fuel preservers (also called stabilizers) is that they keep the fuel fresh in the engine for as long as half a year. You can now turn off the engine.
Follow these simple steps for storage and your golf cart or mower will start up in a snap.
Do You Need A Golf Travel Bag
When driving the short distance to your favorite local golf course, a golf travel bag isn't necessary. But when traveling by airplane or long distance driving, a regular golf bag won't offer the protection your clubs need.
How much are your golf clubs worth to you? Some of us have expensive custom made clubs, while others own a more affordable set. Whatever the retail value-our own clubs are what help us play our best game, so they are valuable to us. That's why the Pros always bring their own clubs on tour.
Enjoy playing golf on that holiday trip by doing what you can to protect your clubs from damage while traveling. Here are a few tips when trying to choose the best golf travel bag for your situation.
Hard Travel Cases
The case is a hard plastic shell that provides the most protection from drops and falls. These are the ideal choice when traveling by air. You won't be able to carry your clubs on the plane with you, so you'll want the best protection you can get with the baggage handling process involved. It can get rough down there!
Soft Travel Cases
Made from more pliant fabric, these are more car friendly since the outer shell is more flexible. Look for bags that use double stitching as this provides a sturdier hold.
Carry your golf travel bag around for a bit and you'll be wishing it had wheels. Imagine walking what seems like miles through a busy airport while carrying your golf clubs-inline wheels are a must.
Handles & Straps
Look for sturdy, double stitched handles and straps that will easily hold the weight against pulling and lifting.
Watch that the bag has some amount of foam padding. This will absorb much of the shock from a drop or from heavy banging.
Traveling and playing with our own golf clubs beats renting clubs hands down! By using a golf travel case, you'll be protecting your clubs from damage and ensuring you have them when you need them most-on the golf course!
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